Health Care (1)

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is one of the most common types of health condition with people of all ages.  A mere bowel infection that may appear to be unpleasant or irritable for someone who can afford to call it that. Also to mention that it is very much treatable and in most cases it clears off itself and doesn’t require treatment at all. Having mentioned all this, now what people need to know is that diarrhea is one of the most common causes of deaths among children. Research shows that about 30% of children under the age of five die of causes like diarrhea and pneumonia each year in Pakistan[1].

What really makes diarrhea a deathly disease among children is the fact that when a child goes through diarrhea, he/she loses a substantial amount of their body fluids quite rapidly which results in dehydration. Severe Dehydration can be fatal in many cases[2].

Another research shows that in Pakistan the mortality rate is eighty-nine deaths per thousand live births which are actually the highest in the world. These statistics are the result of dreadful sanitation problems that most of the rural areas in this country suffer from[1].

Considering the causes of diarrhea, generally this infection develops by consuming contaminated or foul food and water or by coming in direct contact with fecal matter. However, there are many types of bacteria, viruses and parasites that cause a stomach flu which subsequently turns into diarrhea.

Some of the symptoms of diarrhea include:

  • Watery stools
  • Upset stomach
  • Urgent need to use the toilet
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration

Now, what to do if your child is suffering from diarrhea? You are to make your child drinks ample amount of fluids because it is crucially important for your child to get dehydrated. You may give your child an oral rehydration solution (ORS) to prevent dehydration. These usually come in small sachets and are consumed by dissolving in water to substitute for the minerals and salts that your child might lose due to diarrhea. Try to make your child eat as normal as possible that is a short and light meal and you are to avoid any type of food that is rich in spice, salt or sugar. For newborns with diarrhea, you are to continue to breastfeed them as you normally would. But if you think that your child’s condition is worsening, you should immediately consult your healthcare professional [3].

How to ultimately prevent your family from diarrhea?

Now, what can you do to prevent diarrhea happening to your child or yourself. One of the basics is to Wash Your Hands regularly with antibacterial hand washes or soaps, especially after using the toilet. First and foremost, health and hygiene for food handlers, which in most cases is the mother, is crucial. Health is hygiene, so your personal hygiene is important for your family. This goes out for your whole family; make sure that your kids wash their hands after coming back from school or from the playground.

Good food hygiene is a must! You need to take extra care while preparing food for your family. Wash anything and everything i.e. the vegetables, fruits or meat that you’re using, the utensils, and the counter on which you usually prepare food. Make sure that these are hundred percent germ-free so that the food that you prepare is safe and healthy for you and your family to consume.

Clean drinking water is essential for your family’s hygiene and health. Make sure that the water that your family is consuming is accurately boiled and that the water containers or coolers in which you store your water are well covered and sanitized properly. Contaminated water is major cause of diarrhea so you need to take special care when it comes to the water that you and your family use.

References:

[1] Dawn.com. 144,000 die of diarrhoea, pneumonia each year. URL

http://www.dawn.com/news/802149/144000-die-of-diarrhoea-pneumonia-each-year

[2] Rehydration Project. Why is Dehydration so Dangerous? URL

http://rehydrate.org/dehydration/

[3] Dr. Asad Ali. Diarrhea and Vomitting.

URLhttp://www.childspecialistpakistan.com/diarrhea.htm